Rocket scientists are aerospace engineers who specialize in the design and manufacture of spacecraft. They work with the principles of science and engineering to create vehicles that fly within or above the Earth's atmosphere. The job of a rocket scientist requires proficiency with physics, chemistry, aerodynamics, propulsion, communications and mathematics. A bachelor's degree in aerospace engineering or a related field is the minimum requirement for entry-level positions, while many candidates choose to pursue graduate degrees to enhance their career prospects.
Aircraft and Rocket Construction and Design
What will students learn?
Students study the existing missile and space complexes, which make it possible to solve the wide spectrum of the special-purpose tasks of national economy. Considerable attention is paid to study of aircraft design and complexes of different purposes.
- Natural sciences disciplines
- Higher Mathematics
- Experimental and Theoretical Physics
- Information Theory
- Chemistry Theoretical Mechanics and Theory of Mechanisms and Machines
- Engineering and Computer Graphics
- Aviation Material Science
- Theoretical Bases of Control
- Bases of modeling of aerospace engineering vehicles
- Engineering bases of aerospace engineering
- Thermodynamics and heat exchange
- Electrical functional systems and information-measuring complexes of aerospace engineering
- Physical chemistry bases of technological processes
- Integrated computer-aided design technologies
- Designing of machines and mechanisms
- Interchangeability and standardization
- Mechanics of materials and structures
- Economy of enterprise
- Reliability and effectiveness of aerospace engineering
- Aircraft strength design
- Aircraft structural mechanics
- Flight dynamics
- Bases of aerospace machinery manufacturing
- Optimization in engineering
- Technology of structures made of non-metallic materials
Rocket scientists and aerospace engineers generally work on the design and testing of rocket-propelled vehicles, such as orbiting spacecraft or missiles. They could specialize in a particular area of aerospace engineering, such as space exploration vehicles or defense systems. They might also choose to focus on a particular component of spacecraft, such as acoustics, aerodynamics, propulsion or guidance systems.
Duties can include designing aerospace vehicles or systems, overseeing the manufacture and fabrication of projects, devising testing methods or developing quality criteria for spacecraft systems, such as the communications or fuel system. Within their design processes, rocket scientists need to determine the most efficient and effective placement for instrumentation and controls to assure ease of use for manned vehicles or connectivity for unmanned spacecraft. Other tasks can include assessing the results of quality control inspections to ensure the aerospace system meets necessary specifications and develop reports or handbooks for operators who use the equipment or vehicles.