Avionics, or aviation electronics, is a general term for all electrical equipment used in missiles, aircraft and spacecraft. Avionics encompasses components the pilot directly uses, such as navigation, weather radar, and radio communication equipment. In addition, avionics also comprises other electronic systems not directly used by the pilot that control and monitor flight and engine performance.

Course of Avionics aims to study aviation electronics together with navigation and instrumentation systems. Avionics degree programs prepare students for careers as avionics technicians, who install, maintain and repair an aircraft's electrical components.

Students learn electrical theory, circuits, technical diagrams, industry regulations and electronic communications.Studies typically combine classroom instruction with simulated lab exercises wherein students receive hands-on training on aircraft instrumentation.

Course program

The program balances in-class theory with practical, hands-on application in a laboratory environment.

Typical courses in a bachelor's degree program in avionics include the following:

  • Electrical circuits
  • Fundamentals and circuit analysis
  • Digital electronics
  • Microwave, radar, and pulse systems
  • Power distribution systems
  • Flight control and management systems
  • Electronics flight instrument systems
  • Long-range navigation systems
  • Integrated avionics systems
  • Traffic alert and avoidance systems

Career oportunities

Avionics systems and components are repaired and maintained by avionics technicians, also known generally as aircraft mechanics. These specialized technicians may do preventative routine maintenance by inspecting the instruments and other electrical and electronic parts. Technicians may also troubleshoot faulty components using reports from other aircraft workers and operators, such as pilots. After repairing and replacing the necessary parts, technicians test the equipment to ensure it works as it should.